For instance, Pb dating was added to narrow the PMI interval.In addition, anthropological investigations were carried out on 15 cases to confront anthropological expertise to the radiometric method.The method was primarily developed by Iscan and Loth (1986) who studied the metamorphosis of the sternal end of the fourth rib.
I.) and carbonate–phosphate index (C/P) as a means to distinguish between archeological and forensic anthropological skeletal findings.
Forensic anthropologists at The University of Arizona took advantage of this fact in a recent study funded by NIJ.
Accepted for publication 4 November 2013 Published 5 February 2014 Volume 2014:4 Pages 3—9 DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/RRFMS.
As such, these methods are all relative: ie, they do not obtain results in calendar years but estimates of the age at death, often with a rather large range.
Recently, methods have been proposed for more direct ascertainment of age at death: eg, protein racemization and radiocarbon methods.